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Small Hydro

Potential and Progress in Small Hydropower

Pakistan is one of those countries of the world that are blessed with huge hydro power potential. The geographic layout of the country, the natural water flow systems and irrigation system in the country manifest hydro power potential that can be harnessed to meet increasing energy needs of the country. Besides large hydro, there are definite prospects of development of small-mini-micro hydro power. Small Hydropower is considered as one of the lucrative options for generation of electricity. The sector has been mainly handled by the provincial governments. At present 128 MW is operational in the country, 877 MW is under implementation and around 1500 MW is available for development.

S.NoAreaNo. of Potential SitesPotential Range(MW)Total Potential(MW)Remarks

1.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

125

0.2 to 32 MW

750

Small / Micro based on Natural Falls / Flow

2.

Punjab

300

0.2 to 40 MW

560

Canals

3.

Gilgit – Baltistan

200

0.1 to 38 MW

1300

Natural Falls

4.

Sindh

150

5 to 40 MW

120

Canal Falls

5.

Azad Jammu & Kashmir

40

0.2 to 40 MW

280

Natural Falls

Total

3100

7 SHP Projects of 76 MW capacity are being undertaken in KPK (03) and Punjab (04) under the ADB REDSIP. These are provincial government projects. All these projects are likely to commission by December 2017. AEDB has developed EPA for these projects and has shared it with GoPb for further action. Details of these sites is as follows:

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa     (56 MW) US $ 150.99 Million
Ranolia (17.0 MW) 
DaralKhwar*  (36.6 MW)
Machai  (2.6  MW)
Punjab   (20MW) US $ 138.74 Million
UCC Main Lower (Chianwali) (5.38 MW)
Deg fall Sheikhpura (4.04 MW)
Pakpattan Canal (2.82 MW)
UCCM Marala (7.64 MW)

Additionally, 9 SHP sites ranging between 11 – 36 MW capacity are being identified through Pakhtunkhwa Energy Development Organization for development through private sector. Operating mechanism for offering these sites to private sector companies is under discussion / finalization:

SMALL HYDROPOWER SITES IDENTIFIED IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA

Sr.NoSitesAreaDischarge (m3/s)Gross Head (m)Power (MW)Energy (GWh)Project Cost (Mill. US$)Project Cost/kW (US$)Proximity to National Grid
 

A. CHITRAL AREA

1

Ayun

Lower Chitral

20

187

30

131.77

62.86

2,095

33 kV Chitral, 20 km

2

Barum

Upper Chitral

8

550

36

189.7

47.23

1,213

33 kV Chitral, 50 km

3

Bumburait

Lower Chitral

4.6

323

12

61.61

28.38

2,365

33 kV Chitral, 25 km

4

Ojhor

Upper Chitral

6

287

14

72.92

31.58

2,256

33 kV Chitral, 25 km

B. DIR DISTRICT

1

Ushiri

DirKohistan/Upper Dir

9

153

11

50.9

29.45

2,677

66 kV Dir, 15 km

C. SWAT AREA

1

Garnai

Swat

3.8

415

13

56.06

23.08

1,775

66 kV Madyan, 12 km

2

Kedam

Swat

3

580

14.4

61.6

21.4

1,486

66 kV Madyan, 12 km

3

ChowkelKhawar

Swat

D. MANSEHRA AREA

1

BharKhel

Mansehra

 RAW SITE 

Upfront Tariff for Small Hydropower Projects

Recently, NEPRA has announced new Feed-in/Upfront Tariff for Small Hydro Power Projects as per following rates:

Levelized Tariff for Solar PV Power Projects (Rs/kWh)

Low Head (1-25 MW)

High Head (1-25 MW)

LIBOR

KIBOR

LIBOR

KIBOR

8.3194

10.8914

7.6177

9.9960

The tariff is available till April 2016. Sponsors have applied to NEPRA for review. Decision on review petition is pending. As per determination by NEPRA, the companies are required to achieve financial close within one year of acceptance of upfront tariff.

Project Documents (EPA & IA) or Small Hydropower Projects

AEDB has engaged legal counsel for developing EPA & IA for Small Hydropower projects on Upfront Tariff. EPA for REDSIP projects has been prepared and shared with PPDCL/PPMU. While developing EPA and IA for Upfront Tariff, various issues identified in NEPRA determination that need clarification/resolution  before taking any position; (power evacuation, hydrological risk, option to review tariff on the basis of hydrology; revision of capacity factor after COD; interconnection cost; water use charges; need for term sheet and financing documents (whereas it is not required in similar upfront cases), transfer of project to provincial governments or related agency at the end of project life); NEPRA approached in this regard, once responded, the documents will be finalized and shared with the stakeholders

Projects under Provincial LOIs

Provinces & AJK are offered that AEDB may like to issue TLOS to the projects being developed under their LOIs, and subsequently, IA and Government Guarantee as per policy, rules and regulations. Required amendment in the RE Policy 2006 has been got approved from ECC. Template documents of TLOS, PG, CA and FA are also got approved from ECC.